Interview as a method of collecting information: strategy of questions

Interview as a method of collecting information: strategy of questions

It is crucial to tell apart interviews as a way of collecting interviewing and information as being a genre. In the 1st instance, interview, that is, interaction with individuals, is certainly one of 3 ways to get information with a researcher. Two alternative methods are:

  • observation, if the researcher himself is definitely an eyewitness regarding the event,
  • using the services of documents, where the document means any product carrier texts that are containing images.

Forms of interviews and their function

Interviews as a technique of data gathering in change are split into:

  • genre (for planning of text into the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to spot the characteristics of an individual, then to reflect them when you look at the text).

The reportage interview ended up being talked about within the chapter that is previous. In regards to the investigative will find out within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme for this chapter is meeting as being a genre, being a means of text formatting by means of concerns from a interviewer additionally the answers associated with the interlocutor. During the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in actuality the amount of concerns associated with the researcher is minimized (often they are no at all), in the other pole – a conversation, once the journalist not merely asks questions, but additionally talks much with lengthy arguments.

The truth that the interview is a discussion, indicates in regards to the exact same level of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion is carried out with a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so the opinion for this journalist has also been interesting to readers, since the viewpoint regarding the interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.

Forms of interviews according to the topic. Topic interview

According to the topic, you can find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • individual,
  • subject-personal.

Subject of the interview that is subject their state of things in almost any industry of task. Often that is a job interview with a professional, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting into the journalist just as much as he’s associated with this situation. For instance, a police tells simple tips to protect a flat from thieves. A doctor describes how exactly to protect yourself through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis would be regarding the exchange. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate through the meeting subject, nor the private life of the interlocutor is of great interest.

The dwelling for the topic interview consists of three components. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s connection with the topic. Then there’s a parsing of this subject for the intended purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The interview that is subject using the streamlining of that which was stated, summarizing, practical recommendations to visitors.

The hero for the interview that is subject additionally be an eyewitness or participant in case. This is certainly information interview, one of the news genres. The job of this journalist would be to learn whenever you can the facts and information on what occurred. As with the way it is of an expert, the interlocutor’s communication using the subject is very first shown, then your topic is deepened, therefore the ending is specialized in basic impressions of what happened together with conclusions that the interlocutor made.

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